Sea Eagle photographed by GerardM, licensed under CC-BY-SA-3.0. Sea eagles (=white-tailed eagles; fish-eagles) often nest in lowland trees.
Species Mentioned: Most importantly the sea eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla).
Source: ‘Anogaeth i Rys ap Rhydderch o’r Tywyn’ a praise poem justifying why Rhys should take the lordship of his father.
Highlights: This text contains what is almost certainly a reference to a sea eagle, and may be therefore one of the last references to a sea eagle in Wales for centuries. However the sea eagle is identified in an old phrase and the continued use of this phrase might post-date the extinction of the eagle.
Posted in Birds, Welsh
Tagged coastland, eco-sensitive reading, extinction, figurative, fossilised phrase, harmony with nature, heroes as animals, hierarchy of birds, linguistic approach, nature is a texture, praise poem, woodland
Herring gulls drinking, picture taken by John Haslam and licensed for use under CC 2.0.
Species Mentioned: A group of less than stellar warriors are compared with a flock of mewling seagulls (Larus argentatus). Sorry guys.
Source: A poem by the historical Taliesin, one of the most famous Welsh bards ever to live. This is impressive since (i) he may not have been Welsh (ii) he would have taken offence at the term ‘bard’ (iii) he may never have existed.
Date of Source: Traditionally c.550-600, but perhaps centuries later.
Highlights: The comparison with seagulls is not a flattering one for the Cumbrian heroes but Taliesin tells it like it is: ‘They didn’t fight well, there’s no point denying it’. Ouch.
Posted in Birds, British, Welsh
Tagged battlefield, coastland, cynfeirdd, ecosensitive approach, figurative, heroes as animals, hierarchy of birds, literary approach, nature is a pest, praise poem, satire, scavengers, sixth century