Species: The 35 most popular types of bird.
Source: ‘The Parliament of Fowls’ by Geoffrey Chaucer.
Highlights: Considering Chaucer had no idea what he was talking about, his categorisation of birds into four categories was perhaps the best we could hope for.
Public domain woodcut from another text (‘The Woody Choristers’).
Here are three things you should know about starlings: (i) They have cool little stars all over their feathers. (ii) Boring people get very excited watching them gather together in clouds. (iii) They can learn to speak medieval Welsh, unlike most undergrads.
Species: The common but surprisingly cool starling (Sturnus vulgaris).
Source: ‘Branwen’, second of the ‘Mabinogi’ stories.
Date: 1000-1250 A.D.
Highlights: If you are ever a victim of domestic abuse, our text suggests that your best option is to train a starling to talk, and send it to your brother with orders to summon his army and invade.
Posted in Birds, Welsh
Tagged ecosensitive approach, epic, exploitation, feminist approach, heroic age, hierarchy of birds, historical approach, home, mabinogion, marxist approach, nature is a hero