Here are three things you should know about starlings: (i) They have cool little stars all over their feathers. (ii) Boring people get very excited watching them gather together in clouds. (iii) They can learn to speak medieval Welsh, unlike most undergrads.
Species: The common but surprisingly cool starling (Sturnus vulgaris).
Source: ‘Branwen’, second of the ‘Mabinogi’ stories.
Date: 1000-1250 A.D.
Highlights: If you are ever a victim of domestic abuse, our text suggests that your best option is to train a starling to talk, and send it to your brother with orders to summon his army and invade.